Brass Electrodes

High Purity Cu Zn Electrodes


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
CU-90% ZN-10% BR-M-p.10ZN-EL Contact American Elements
CU-85% ZN-15% BR-M-p.15ZN-EL Contact American Elements
CU-80% ZN-20% BR-M-p.20ZN-EL Contact American Elements
CU-70% ZN-30% BR-M-p.30ZN-EL Contact American Elements
CU-65% ZN-35% BR-M-p.35ZN-EL Contact American Elements
CU-55% ZN-45% BR-M-p.45ZN-EL Contact American Elements

American Elements specializes in producing high purity uniform shaped Brass Electrodes with the highest possible density and smallest possible average grain sizes for use in semiconductor, Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Thermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Metallic-Organic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD). American Elements produces high purity Brass Electrodes which can be used in chemical and physics experiments related to mass and heat conductivity or for demonstration purposes. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles (See also application discussion at Nanotechnology Information and at Quantum Dots) and in the form of solutions and organometallics. See safety data and research below and pricing/lead time above.

Copper Bohr ModelCopper (Cu) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolCopper (atomic symbol: Cu, atomic number: 29) is a Block D, Group 11, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 63.546. The number of electrons in each of copper's shells is 2, 8, 18, 1 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s1. The copper atom has a radius of 128 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 186 pm. Copper was first discovered by Early Man prior to 9000 BC.In its elemental form, copper has a red-orange metallic luster appearance. Elemental Copper Of all pure metals, only silver has a higher electrical conductivity.The origin of the word copper comes from the Latin word 'cuprium' which translates as "metal of Cyprus." Cyprus, a Mediterranean island, was known as an ancient source of mined copper. For more information on copper, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of copper products, visit the Copper Information Center.

Zinc(Zn) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolZinc (atomic symbol: Zn, atomic number: 30) is a Block D, Group 12, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 65.38. The number of electrons in each of zinc's shells is 2, 8, 18, 2, and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2. Zinc Bohr ModelThe zinc atom has a radius of 134 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 210 pm. Zinc was discovered by Indian metallurgists prior to 1000 BC and first recognized as a unique element by Rasaratna Samuccaya in 800. Zinc was first isolated by Andreas Marggraf in 1746.Elemental Zinc In its elemental form, zinc has a silver-gray appearance. It is brittle at ordinary temperatures but malleable at 100 °C to 150 °C. It is a fair conductor of electricity, and burns in air at high red producing white clouds of the oxide. Zinc is mined from sulfidic ore deposits. It is the 24th most abundant element in the earth's crust and the fourth most common metal in use (after iron, aluminum, and copper). The name zinc originates from the German word "zin," meaning tin. For more information on zinc, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of zinc products, visit the Zinc Information Center.


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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Production Catalog Available in 36 Countries & Languages


Recent Research & Development for Copper

  • Uptake and toxicity of copper oxide nanoparticles in cultured primary brain astrocytes. Bulcke F, Thiel K, Dringen R. Nanotoxicology. 2014 Nov.
  • Species-specific toxicity of copper nanoparticles among mammalian and piscine cell lines. Song L, Connolly M, Fernández-Cruz ML, Vijver MG, Fernández M, Conde E, de Snoo GR, Peijnenburg WJ, Navas JM. Nanotoxicology. 2014 Jun.
  • Effect of soluble copper released from copper oxide nanoparticles solubilisation on growth and photosynthetic processes of Lemna gibba L. Perreault F, Samadani M, Dewez D. Nanotoxicology. 2014 Jun.
  • Copper, zinc superoxide dismutase and nitrate reductase coimmobilized bienzymatic biosensor for the simultaneous determination of nitrite and nitrate. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014 | first author:Madasamy T
  • Nanopore detection of copper ions using a polyhistidine probe. Wang G, Wang L, Han Y, Zhou S, Guan X. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014 Mar.
  • Ultrasound assisted synthesis of {[Cu2(BDC)2(dabco)].2DMF.2H2O} nanostructures in the presence of modulator; new precursor to prepare nano copper oxides. Alavi MA, Morsali A. Ultrason Sonochem. 2014 Mar.
  • Synthesis and application of surface-imprinted activated carbon sorbent for solid-phase extraction and determination of copper (II). Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 | first author:Li Z
  • Catalytic activity of copper (II) oxide prepared via ultrasound assisted Fenton-like reaction. Angi A, Sanli D, Erkey C, Birer O. Ultrason Sonochem. 2014 Mar
  • Effect of substituent of terpyridines on the in vitro antioxidant, antitubercular, biocidal and fluorescence studies of copper(II) complexes with clioquinol. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 create date:2013/10/17 | first author:Kharadi GJ
  • Synthesis, spectroscopic characterization and antimicrobial activity of binuclear metal complexes of a new asymmetrical Schiff base ligand: DNA binding affinity of copper(II) complexes. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 create date:2013/08/31 | first author:Shebl M
  • Linear and nonlinear optical studies of bare and copper doped TiO2 nanoparticles via sol gel technique. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 create date:2013/10/08 | first author:Rajamannan B
  • Preparation and characterization of silicone rubber/nano-copper nanocomposites for use in intrauterine devices. Biomed Mater Eng. 2014 | first author:Chen Y
  • Copper use and accumulation in catfish culture in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. J Environ Sci Health A Tox Hazard Subst Environ Eng. 2014 | first author:Marcussen H
  • Enhanced phosphate selectivity from wastewater using copper-loaded chelating resin functionalized with polyethylenimine. An B, Nam J, Choi JW, Hong SW, Lee SH. J Colloid Interface Sci. 2013 Nov.
  • Effect of long term organic amendments and vegetation of vineyard soils on the microscale distribution and biogeochemistry of copper. Sci Total Environ. 2014 | first author:Navel A
  • Infrared characterization and electrochemical study of γ-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane grafted in to surface of copper. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 | first author:Masmoudi M
  • Halo-substituted thiosemicarbazones and their copper(II), nickel(II) complexes: Detailed spectroscopic characterization and study of antitumour activity against HepG2 human hepatoblastoma cells. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 | first author:Jagadeesh M
  • A new chemiluminescence method for determination of clonazepam and diazepam based on 1-Ethyl-3-Methylimidazolium Ethylsulfate/copper as catalyst. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2014 | first author:Chaichi MJ
  • Highly selective detection of bacterial alarmone ppGpp with an off-on fluorescent probe of copper-mediated silver nanoclusters. Zhang P, Wang Y, Chang Y, Xiong ZH, Huang CZ. Biosens Bioelectron.
  • Inhibitory effect of Piper betel leaf extracts on copper-mediated LDL oxidation and oxLDL-induced lipid accumulation via inducing reverse cholesterol transport in macrophages. Ma GC, Wu PF, Tseng HC, Chyau CC, Lu HC, Chou FP. Food Chem.

Recent Research & Development for Zinc

  • Evidence and uptake routes for Zinc oxide nanoparticles through the gastrointestinal barrier in Xenopus laevis. Bacchetta R, Moschini E, Santo N, Fascio U, Del Giacco L, Freddi S, Camatini M, Mantecca P. Nanotoxicology. 2014 Nov.
  • Cardiopulmonary toxicity of pulmonary exposure to occupationally relevant zinc oxide nanoparticles. Chuang HC, Juan HT, Chang CN, Yan YH, Yuan TH, Wang JS, Chen HC, Hwang YH, Lee CH, Cheng TJ. Nanotoxicology. 2014 Sep.
  • Soil pH effects on the comparative toxicity of dissolved zinc, non-nano and nano ZnO to the earthworm Eisenia fetida. Heggelund LR, Diez-Ortiz M, Lofts S, Lahive E, Jurkschat K, Wojnarowicz J, Cedergreen N, Spurgeon D, Svendsen C. Nanotoxicology. 2014 Aug.
  • Effect of zinc sulphate on gelling properties of phosphorylated protein isolate from yellow stripe trevally. Arfat YA, Benjakul S. Food Chem. 2013 create date:2013/07/23 | first author:Arfat YA
  • A highly sensitive and wide-ranged electrochemical zinc(II) aptasensor fabricated on core-shell SiO2-Pt@meso-SiO2. Li Z, Liu M, Fan L, Ke H, Luo C, Zhao G. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014 Feb.
  • Self-assembly of manganese doped zinc sulfide quantum dots/CTAB nanohybrids for detection of rutin. Miao Y, Zhang Z, Gong Y, Zhang Q, Yan G. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014 Feb 15.
  • Copper, zinc superoxide dismutase and nitrate reductase coimmobilized bienzymatic biosensor for the simultaneous determination of nitrite and nitrate. Madasamy T, Pandiaraj M, Balamurugan M, Bhargava K, Sethy NK, Karunakaran C. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014.
  • Whole-cell Escherichia coli-based bio-sensor assay for dual zinc oxide nanoparticle toxicity mechanisms. McQuillan JS, Shaw AM. Biosens Bioelectron. 2014 Jan 15
  • Tailor-made mutations in Arabidopsis using zinc finger nucleases. Qi Y, Starker CG, Zhang F, Baltes NJ, Voytas DF. Methods Mol Biol. 2014 | first author:Qi Y
  • The zinc finger transcription factor ZXDC activates CCL2 gene expression by opposing BCL6-mediated repression. Ramsey JE, Fontes JD. Mol Immunol. 2013 create date:2013/08/21 first author:Ramsey JE
  • Photophysics of Soret-excited free base tetraphenylporphyrin and its zinc analog in solution. Ghosh M, Mora AK, Nath S, Chandra AK, Hajra A, Sinha S. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2013 | first author:Ghosh M
  • Can zinc(II) ions be doped into the crystal structure of l-proline cadmium chloride monohydrate? Srinivasan BR. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2013 | first author:Srinivasan BR
  • Effect of phytate reduction of sorghum, through genetic modification, on iron and zinc availability as assessed by an in vitro dialysability bioaccessibility assay, Caco-2 cell uptake assay, and suckling rat pup absorption model. Kruger J, Taylor JR, Du X, De Moura FF, LÃnnerdal B, Oelofse A. Food Chem. 2013 | first author:Kruger J.
  • Carbonaceous soil amendments to biofortify crop plants with zinc. Gartler J, Robinson B, Burton K, Clucas L. Sci Total Environ. 2013 | first author:Gartler J
  • Facile one-pot synthesis of spherical zinc sulfide-carbon nanocomposite powders with superior electrochemical properties as anode materials for Li-ion batteries. Jang YS, Kang YC. Phys Chem Chem Phys. 2013 | first author:Jang YS
  • Synthesis of a novel water-soluble zinc phthalocyanine and its CT DNA-damaging studies. Wang T, Wang A, Zhou L, Lu S, Jiang W, Lin Y, Zhou J, Wei S. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2013 create date:2013/07/23 | first author:Wang T
  • Molecular structure, vibrational spectra, NLO and MEP analysis of bis[2-hydroxy-кO-N-(2-pyridyl)-1-naphthaldiminato-кN]zinc(II). Tanak H, Toy M. Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc. 2013 | first author:Tanak H
  • A DFT study of the regeneration process of zinc porphyrin analogues in dye-sensitized solar cells. Yang F, Zhang Z, He X. Dalton Trans. 2013 create date:2013/08/06 | first author:Yang F
  • Zinc complexes supported by methyl salicylato ligands: synthesis, structure, and application in ring-opening polymerization of l-lactide. Petrus R, Sobota P. Dalton Trans. 2013 | first author:Petrus R
  • Novel spot tests for detecting the presence of zinc sulfate in urine, a newly introduced urinary adulterant to invalidate drugs of abuse testing. Welsh KJ, Dierksen JE, Actor JK, Dasgupta A. Am J Clin Pathol. 2013 | first author:Welsh KJ