Brass Electrodes

High Purity Cu Zn Electrodes


Product Product Code Order or Specifications
CU-90% ZN-10% BR-M-p.10ZN-EL Contact American Elements
CU-85% ZN-15% BR-M-p.15ZN-EL Contact American Elements
CU-80% ZN-20% BR-M-p.20ZN-EL Contact American Elements
CU-70% ZN-30% BR-M-p.30ZN-EL Contact American Elements
CU-65% ZN-35% BR-M-p.35ZN-EL Contact American Elements
CU-55% ZN-45% BR-M-p.45ZN-EL Contact American Elements

American Elements specializes in producing high purity uniform shaped Brass Electrodes with the highest possible density and smallest possible average grain sizes for use in semiconductor, Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) and Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) processes including Thermal and Electron Beam (E-Beam) Evaporation, Low Temperature Organic Evaporation, Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD), Metallic-Organic and Chemical Vapor Deposition (MOCVD). American Elements produces high purity Brass Electrodes which can be used in chemical and physics experiments related to mass and heat conductivity or for demonstration purposes. Materials are produced using crystallization, solid state and other ultra high purification processes such as sublimation. American Elements specializes in producing custom compositions for commercial and research applications and for new proprietary technologies. American Elements casts any of the rare earth metals and most other advanced materials into rod, bar or plate form, as well as other machined shapes and through other processes such as nanoparticles (See also application discussion at Nanotechnology Information and at Quantum Dots) and in the form of solutions and organometallics. See safety data and research below and pricing/lead time above.

Copper Bohr ModelCopper (Cu) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolCopper (atomic symbol: Cu, atomic number: 29) is a Block D, Group 11, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 63.546. The number of electrons in each of copper's shells is 2, 8, 18, 1 and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s1. The copper atom has a radius of 128 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 186 pm. Copper was first discovered by Early Man prior to 9000 BC.In its elemental form, copper has a red-orange metallic luster appearance. Elemental Copper Of all pure metals, only silver has a higher electrical conductivity.The origin of the word copper comes from the Latin word 'cuprium' which translates as "metal of Cyprus." Cyprus, a Mediterranean island, was known as an ancient source of mined copper. For more information on copper, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of copper products, visit the Copper Information Center.

Zinc(Zn) atomic and molecular weight, atomic number and elemental symbolZinc (atomic symbol: Zn, atomic number: 30) is a Block D, Group 12, Period 4 element with an atomic weight of 65.38. The number of electrons in each of zinc's shells is 2, 8, 18, 2, and its electron configuration is [Ar] 3d10 4s2. Zinc Bohr ModelThe zinc atom has a radius of 134 pm and a Van der Waals radius of 210 pm. Zinc was discovered by Indian metallurgists prior to 1000 BC and first recognized as a unique element by Rasaratna Samuccaya in 800. Zinc was first isolated by Andreas Marggraf in 1746.Elemental Zinc In its elemental form, zinc has a silver-gray appearance. It is brittle at ordinary temperatures but malleable at 100 °C to 150 °C. It is a fair conductor of electricity, and burns in air at high red producing white clouds of the oxide. Zinc is mined from sulfidic ore deposits. It is the 24th most abundant element in the earth's crust and the fourth most common metal in use (after iron, aluminum, and copper). The name zinc originates from the German word "zin," meaning tin. For more information on zinc, including properties, safety data, research, and American Elements' catalog of zinc products, visit the Zinc Information Center.


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PACKAGING SPECIFICATIONS FOR BULK & RESEARCH QUANTITIES
Typical bulk packaging includes palletized plastic 5 gallon/25 kg. pails, fiber and steel drums to 1 ton super sacks in full container (FCL) or truck load (T/L) quantities. Research and sample quantities and hygroscopic, oxidizing or other air sensitive materials may be packaged under argon or vacuum. Shipping documentation includes a Certificate of Analysis and Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS). Solutions are packaged in polypropylene, plastic or glass jars up to palletized 440 gallon liquid totes.


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Production Catalog Available in 36 Countries & Languages


Recent Research & Development for Copper

  • Ke Liu, Yang Song, Shaowei Chen, Electrocatalytic activities of alkyne-functionalized copper nanoparticles in oxygen reduction in alkaline media, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • E. Linga Reddy, J. Karuppiah, Hyun Chan Lee, Dong Hyun Kim, Steam reforming of methanol over copper loaded anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) prepared through electrodeposition, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Lijie Zhang, Ming Meng, Xiaojing Wang, Shuang Zhou, Lijuan Yang, Tianyong Zhang, Lirong Zheng, Jing Zhang, Tiandou Hu, A series of copper-free ternary oxide catalysts ZnAlCex used for hydrogen production via dimethyl ether steam reforming, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Laura Sanz, David Lloyd, Eva Magdalena, Jesús Palma, Kyösti Kontturi, Description and performance of a novel aqueous all-copper redox flow battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Kaiyou Zhang, Hong Chen, Xue Wang, Donglin Guo, Chenguo Hu, Shuxia Wang, Junliang Sun, Qiang Leng, Synthesis and structure determination of potassium copper selenide nanowires and solid-state supercapacitor application, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Tamer Crosby, Giacomo Po, Nasr M. Ghoniem, Modeling plastic deformation of post-irradiated copper micro-pillars, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • Gang He, Kunyuan Xu, Shibin Guo, Xueqiang Qian, Zengchao Yang, Guanghua Liu, Jiangtao Li, Preparation of tungsten fiber reinforced-tungsten/copper composite for plasma facing component, Journal of Nuclear Materials, Volume 455, Issues 1–3, December 2014
  • M.M. El-Nahass, F.S.H. Abu-Samaha, Shokry Menshawy, Eman Elesh, Effect of annealing on structural and optical properties of copper tetraphenylporphyrin (CuTPP) thin films, Optics & Laser Technology, Volume 64, December 2014
  • Krzysztof Naplocha, Kazimierz Granat, Jacek Kaczmar, Reactive melt infiltration of copper in Al–Cr preforms produced through combustion synthesis, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 613, 15 November 2014
  • Pouyan Paknahad, Masoud Askari, Milad Ghorbanzadeh, Application of sol–gel technique to synthesis of copper–cobalt spinel on the ferritic stainless steel used for solid oxide fuel cell interconnects, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Xin Qing, Jingjing Shi, Chengyu Ma, Mengyang Fan, Zhengyu Bai, Zhongwei Chen, Jinli Qiao, Jiujun Zhang, Simultaneous formation of nitrogen and sulfur-doped transition metal catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction through pyrolyzing carbon-supported copper phthalocyanine tetrasulfonic acid tetrasodium salt, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 266, 15 November 2014
  • Ferhat Aslan, Ahmet Tumbul, Non-vacuum processed Cu2ZnSnS4 thin films: Influence of copper precursor on structural, optical and morphological properties, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • Y.S.M. Alajerami, S. Hashim, S.K. Ghoshal, D.A. Bradley, M. Mhareb, M.A. Saleh, Copper doped borate dosimeters revisited, Journal of Luminescence, Volume 155, November 2014
  • Sung-Hyeon Park, Wan-Ho Chung, Hak-Sung Kim, Temperature changes of copper nanoparticle ink during flash light sintering, Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 214, Issue 11, November 2014
  • J.J. Chen, A.L. Ahmad, B.S. Ooi, Thermo-responsive properties of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) hydrogel and its effect on copper ion removal and fouling of polymer-enhanced ultrafiltration, Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 469, 1 November 2014
  • Zuwei Yin, Fuyi Chen, A facile electrochemical fabrication of hierarchically structured nickel–copper composite electrodes on nickel foam for hydrogen evolution reaction, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 265, 1 November 2014
  • W.H. Zhou, H. Guo, Z.J. Xie, C.J. Shang, R.D.K. Misra, Copper precipitation and its impact on mechanical properties in a low carbon microalloyed steel processed by a three-step heat treatment, Materials & Design, Volume 63, November 2014
  • Xiaofan Du, Tong Gao, Yuying Wu, Xiangfa Liu, Effects of copper addition on the in-situ synthesis of SiC particles in Al–Si–C–Cu system, Materials & Design, Volume 63, November 2014
  • C. Dang, Q.L. Che, B.L. Gao, L. Li, B.B. Wang, Growth, photoluminescence and thermal conductance of graphene-like nanoflakes grown on copper foils in methane environment, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • M. Somasundaram, R. Saravanathamizhan, C. Ahmed Basha, V. Nandakumar, S. Nathira Begum, T. Kannadasan, Recovery of copper from scrap printed circuit board: modelling and optimization using response surface methodology, Powder Technology, Volume 266, November 2014

Recent Research & Development for Zinc

  • Zuoqian Wang, Rich Winslow, Deepa Madan, Paul K. Wright, James W. Evans, Malcolm Keif, Xiaoying Rong, Development of MnO2 cathode inks for flexographically printed rechargeable zinc-based battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Renan Azevedo da Rocha, Carolina Leão Quintanilha, Thayná Viana Lanxin, Júlio Carlos Afonso, Cláudio Augusto Vianna, Valdir Gante, José Luiz Mantovano, Production of potassium manganate and barium manganate from spent zinc–MnO2 dry cells via fusion with potassium hydroxide, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Jianhua Han, Zhifeng Liu, Boluo Yadian, Yizhong Huang, Keying Guo, Zhichao Liu, Bo Wang, Yajun Li, Ting Cui, Synthesis of metal sulfide sensitized zinc oxide-based core/shell/shell nanorods and their photoelectrochemical properties, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 268, 5 December 2014
  • Cem Göl, Mustafa Malkoç, Serkan Yesilot, Mahmut Durmus, Novel zinc(II) phthalocyanine conjugates bearing different numbers of BODIPY and iodine groups as substituents on the periphery, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 111, December 2014
  • Hye-Ji Jeon, Seul-Gi Lee, Kyung-Sik Shin, Sang-Woo Kim, Jin-Seong Park, Growth behaviors and film properties of zinc oxide grown by atmospheric mist chemical vapor deposition, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 614, 25 November 2014
  • Amin Nourmohammadi, Reza Rahighi, Omid Akhavan, Alireza Moshfegh, Graphene oxide sheets involved in vertically aligned zinc oxide nanowires for visible light photoinactivation of bacteria, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 612, 5 November 2014
  • Jia Liu, Weijia Zhang, Dengyuan Song, Qiang Ma, Lei Zhang, Hui Zhang, Xiaobo Ma, Haiyang Song, Gallium-doped zinc oxide targets fabricated by sintering: Impact of target quality on sputtered thin film properties, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Ian Y.Y. Bu, Sol–gel production of aluminium doped zinc oxide using aluminium nitrate, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Parag V. Adhyapak, Satish P. Meshram, Imtiaz S. Mulla, Satish K. Pardeshi, Dinesh P. Amalnerkar, Controlled synthesis of zinc oxide nanoflowers by succinate-assisted hydrothermal route and their morphology-dependent photocatalytic performance, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Xingwei Ding, Jianhua Zhang, Weimin Shi, Hao Zhang, Chuanxin Huang, Jun Li, Xueyin Jiang, Zhilin Zhang, Characterization of density-of-states in indium zinc oxide thin-film transistor from temperature stress studies, Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 27, November 2014
  • Bakhtiar Ul Haq, Rashid Ahmed, Souraya Goumri-Said, DFT characterization of cadmium doped zinc oxide for photovoltaic and solar cell applications, Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, Volume 130, November 2014
  • J. Zavadil, Z.G. Ivanova, P. Kostka, M. Hamzaoui, M.T. Soltani, Photoluminescence study of Er-doped zinc–sodium–antimonite glasses, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014
  • M.A. Mahadik, S.S. Shinde, Y.M. Hunge, V.S. Mohite, S.S. Kumbhar, A.V. Moholkar, K.Y. Rajpure, C.H. Bhosale, UV assisted photoelectrocatalytic oxidation of phthalic acid using spray deposited Al doped zinc oxide thin films, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, Volume 611, 25 October 2014
  • Damon E. Turney, Michael Shmukler, Kevin Galloway, Martin Klein, Yasumasa Ito, Tal Sholklapper, Joshua W. Gallaway, Michael Nyce, Sanjoy Banerjee, Development and testing of an economic grid-scale flow-assisted zinc/nickel-hydroxide alkaline battery, Journal of Power Sources, Volume 264, 15 October 2014
  • Y. Maximilian Klein, Edwin C. Constable, Catherine E. Housecroft, Jennifer A. Zampese, 4'-(Pyrimidin-5-yl)- and 4'-(2-methylpyrimidin-5-yl)-4,2':6',4?-terpyridines: Selective coordination to zinc(II) through the 4,2':6',4?-terpyridine domain, Polyhedron, Volume 81, 15 October 2014
  • Márcia C. de Souza, Chris H.J. Franco, Carlos B. Pinheiro, Renata Diniz, Conformational polymorphism of a zinc complex with enalapril antihypertensive drug, Polyhedron, Volume 81, 15 October 2014
  • Ankita Solanki, Sujit Baran Kumar, Syntheses and structural studies of cobalt(II), nickel(II), zinc(II) and cadmium(II) selenocyanate complexes with a tetradentate N4-donor ligand, Polyhedron, Volume 81, 15 October 2014
  • R. Veres, E. Vanea, C. Gruian, L. Baia, V. Simon, The effects of PEG assisted synthesis and zinc addition on gamma irradiated bioactive glasses, Composites Part B: Engineering, Volume 66, October 2014
  • F. Benosman, N. Benosman, S. Méçabih, P. Ruterana, B. Abbar, B. Bouhafs, Positron energy levels in zinc chalcogenides ZnS, ZnSe, and ZnTe, Computational Materials Science, Volume 93, October 2014
  • F. Askari, E. Ghasemi, B. Ramezanzadeh, M. Mahdavian, Mechanistic approach for evaluation of the corrosion inhibition of potassium zinc phosphate pigment on the steel surface: Application of surface analysis and electrochemical techniques, Dyes and Pigments, Volume 109, October 2014